The College of Nursing and Health Sciences prepares diverse healthcare professionals who are collaborative providers and leaders in the delivery of high quality, accessible, culturally-competent and compassionate care.

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Sciences Labs

 

Clinical Chemistry

The students are able to use the following instruments: high pressure liquid chromatography, gas chromatograph with flame ionization detector, spectrophotometers, and electrophoresis equipment.  Basic theory of fundamental clinical instrumentation will be discussed with “hands-on” experience in lab.  Maintenance procedures and troubleshooting techniques will be introduced. The students will learn disorders of carbohydrate, protein, amino acid and lipid metabolism with emphasis on laboratory detection and clinical correlation of these disorders. Mechanisms for water, electrolyte and acid/base balance will be discussed in association with renal, cardiac and respiratory function. Clinical enzymology and endocrinology along with Heme, iron, bilirubin, and porphyrin metabolism will be discussed with an emphasis on disease processes associated with errors in these metabolic pathways and laboratory diagnosis.

Clinical Hematology

The students learn to identify the maturation stages of all blood cells (red and white blood cells) as well as cellular kinetics and functions associated with each cell line. They will study hematologic disease states and will be able to correlate abnormal morphology associated with them. The MLS students will learn to perform the proper techniques for making and staining blood smears for white blood cell (WBC) differentials as well as reticulocyte counts. They will perform manual and automated testing for the parameters included in the Complete Blood Count (CBC). They will learn the proper techniques in venipuncture to include choosing the most appropriate method of phlebotomy, appropriate equipment, and the appropriate tubes based on the tests ordered. They will study coagulation techniques as well as the functions of hemostasis and fibrinolysis. The students will correlate disease states affecting hemostasis with coagulation testing, choosing the appropriate test for each. 

Clinical Immunohematology

The students will apply basic theory of immunology and genetics to the human blood group systems and transfusion practice.  Basic immunohematology techniques will be covered in the laboratory sessions. The students will learn techniques to identify blood groups and antibodies produced by patients. The procedures the students learn include:  direct antiglobulin test, antibody identification, crossmatching, phenotyping, and others. The students use these techniques to ensure that patient blood types are correct and blood is safe to give to a patient if they need to receive blood. Emphasis will be placed on problem solving to assure safe transfusion practice.

Clinical Microbiology

The students will learn fundamentals of molecular diagnostics, including extraction techniques, electrophoresis, PCR, and staining techniques used to evaluate DNA will be presented. Also topics in microbiology will be introduced such as safety, specimen handling, streaking techniques, morphology, and media used to isolate microorganisms. Introduction to basic procedures used in modern clinical laboratories for the isolation and identification of clinically significant microorganisms. Emphasis will be placed on laboratory identification of these infectious organisms. Continued development of the skills necessary to function efficiently in a microbiology laboratory. The student will be exposed to extensive bacterial identification problems as it relates to various specimen sites (respiratory, CSF, etc.). Other topics include anaerobic bacteria and mycobacteria.